http://jurnal.unprimdn.ac.id/index.php/Agroprimatech/issue/feed Agroprimatech 2023-11-17T05:55:49+00:00 Dr. Bayu Pratomo, SST., MP bayupratomo@unprimdn.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p>Agroprimatech is a National Scientific Journal for academics, practitioners, and Bureaucracy in encouraging equitable management of natural resources and sustainable. Agroprimatech is a periodic journal published twice a year by the Agrotechnology Studies Program of Prima Indonesia University with a focus on agriculture, environment and technology development.</p> <p>E-ISSN <a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1502337194">2599-3232</a></p> <p>Publisher Fakultas Agro Teknologi, Universitas Prima Indonesia</p> http://jurnal.unprimdn.ac.id/index.php/Agroprimatech/article/view/4217 PENGARUH LAMA PERENDAMAN BENIH KAKAO DALAM AIR KELAPA DAN KOMPOSISI MEDIA TANAM TERHADAP PERKECAMBAHAN DAN PERTUMBUHAN SEMAI BENIH KAKAO (Theobroma cacao,L.) 2023-10-17T09:44:40+00:00 Hyldegardis hylde3naisali@gmail.com Endah Mulat Satmalawati endahmulatsatmalawati@gmail.com <p><em>Kakao's seed constitute allergic seed to drying up and will on the downgrade on water and temperature rate that low, upon term harvests or physiological have relative water content tall (rekalsitran). So so long coconut water soaking and media type plants out to regard semai's germination and growth kakao's seed. This research intent to know soaking long time influence kakao's seed in coconut water to kakao's seed germination and media composition plants out to kakao's seed growth, and to get so long soaking and tender plant media composition that nicest for kakao's sprout energy. Was performed at agricultural Faculty garden, Timor's university, with high 400 mdpl, in july August 2022. Utilizing fledged Random Design (RAL) 4x3 is factor, so long soaking (K ) 4 borders without soaking (K 0 ), soaking 6 hours (K 1 ), soaking 12 hours (K 2 ) and soaking 18 hours (K 3 ), both of which is tender plant media composition (M ) 3 borders, 1:1:1 (M<sub>1</sub>), 1:2:1 (M<sub>2</sub>) ,2:1:1 (M3), at three times. With conduct combine K0M<sub>1,</sub> K0M<sub>2,</sub> K0M<sub>3</sub>, K1M1, K1M2, K1M3, K2M1, K2M2, K2M3, K3M1, K3M2, K3M3.Longs time observational result soaking coconut water up to 6 hours with tender plant media composition 1:1:1 result best sprout energy. Meanwhile on growth parameter point out soaking long time 18 hours with media composition 2:1:1 high result sprout, total leaf, fresh weight, maximal dry weight. Observational result that K2's conduct combine with M1 that, giving more sprout energy maximal.</em></p> 2023-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Agroprimatech http://jurnal.unprimdn.ac.id/index.php/Agroprimatech/article/view/4220 INVENTORY OF EPIPHYTIC LICHENES ON MANGO (MANGIFERA INDICA L.) IN SALLU VILLAGE, DISTRICT WEST MIOMAFFO 2023-10-10T06:48:50+00:00 Kamaluddin kamaluddinbio@gmail.com ASEP IKHSAN GUMELAR asep12@gmail.com HERNUR YOGA PRIYAMBODO hernur@gmail.com <p><em>Lichenes are formed from the association of fungi and phostosynthetic symbionts (algae and cyanobacteria) by forming a stable thallus structure. The aim of this research is to determine the diversity of epiphytic lichens on mango trees in Sallu Village, West Miomaffo District in March-May 2023. This research uses an exploratory method on mango plantations. The sampling method uses purposive sampling. Based on exploration results, 33 species of epiphytic lichens were found on mango trees in Sallu Village, West Miomaffo District. The Lichenes species found consist of 14 families, namely Parmeliaceae, Physciaceae, Graphidaceae, Pannariaceae, Caliciaceae, Collemataceae, Lecanoraceae, Stereocaulaceae, Pertusariaceae, Mycoporaceae, Pyrenulaceae, Haematommataceae, Arthoniaceae, and Ochrolechiaceae</em><em>.</em></p> 2023-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Agroprimatech http://jurnal.unprimdn.ac.id/index.php/Agroprimatech/article/view/4232 PENGARUH EKSTRAK KULIT BAWANG MERAH DALAM MENGENDALIKAN HAMA ULAT GRAYAK (Spodoptera litura F.) SECARA IN VITRO 2023-10-10T07:05:53+00:00 Yunda Gusriani yunda_gusriani@ust.ac.id ARKHIADI BENAULI arkhiadi@gmail.com YUSTINA SRI SULASTRI yustina@gmail.com <p><em>This research was conducted to determine the dose of shallot skin extract that is effective for controlling Spodoptera litura F. This research was carried out for 2 months at the Biology Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Santo Thomas Catholic University, Medan. The research design used was a Non-Factoral Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of five treatments and each treatment was repeated four times to form 20 experimental units of Red Onion Skin Soaking (K), namely: K0 = 0% (Control), K1 = 20 gr/liter of water, K2 = 40 gr/liter of water, K3 = 60 gr/liter of water, and K4 = 80 gr/liter of water. The parameters observed were pest mortality, 50% death time and larval behavior after application. From the research results, it can be seen that administering shallot skin extract at the highest dose, namely 80 g/L, can be quadratically used as a botanical insecticide to control S. litura pests with a death time of 27 hours</em></p> 2023-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Agroprimatech http://jurnal.unprimdn.ac.id/index.php/Agroprimatech/article/view/4233 KAJIAN KONSENTRASI EKSTRAK BAWANG MERAH DAN LAMA PERENDAMAN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN STEK LADA (Piper nigrum L.) 2023-10-12T08:08:16+00:00 Yustina Sri Sulastri yustina041067@gmail.com Yunda Gusriani yunda_gusriani@ust.ac.id Jojong Sah Kian Barasa jojongkianbarasa@gmail.com <p><em>This research aims to determine the effect of shallot extract concentration and soaking time on the growth of pepper plant stems. This research was carried out at the Unika Santo Thomas Medan agricultural experimental field Jl. Setia Budi no. 479, Tanjung Sari, Medan. With a height of around 32 meters above sea level (meters above sea level). This research was conducted from March to May 2023. This research used a factorial Randomized Block Design (RAK) consisting of 2 factors. The first factor is the concentration of shallot extract (K) and the second factor is the soaking time (P). The first factor is the concentration of shallot extract (K) consisting of 4 treatment levels, namely: K0: 0% (control), K1: 30% (30 mL of shallot extract + 70 mL of distilled water), K2: 60% (60 mL of shallot extract + 40 mL distilled water), K3: 90% (90 mL shallot extract + 10 mL distilled water). The second factor is the length of soaking of pepper plant cuttings (P) consisting of 3 treatment levels, namely: P1: 3 hours, P2: 6 hours, P3: 9 hours. Based on the research results, it can be seen that the concentration of onion extract has no effect on the percentage of live cuttings of pepper plant cuttings, but it has a real influence on the length of the shoots with the highest shoots obtained at a concentration of 93.33% at a concentration of 83.77% for the number of leaves. the most. Regarding the number of roots, a concentration of 78.66% produced the highest number of roots.</em></p> 2023-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Agroprimatech http://jurnal.unprimdn.ac.id/index.php/Agroprimatech/article/view/4234 PENGARUH INTERVAL WAKTU SERTA PEMBERIAN KOMPOS KULIT BUAH PISANG TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI TANAMAN JAGUNG (Zea mays Saccharata L.) 2023-10-04T07:13:42+00:00 Fadli Wibowo fadli2023wibowo@gmail.com Irwan Agusnu Putra irwan_agusnu@yahoo.co.id Razali Tanjung razalitanjung@gmail.com <p><em>The aim of the research was to determine the effect of time intervals and the provision of banana peel compost on the growth and production of corn plants. This research was carried out at the People's Garden, Kel. Jati Utomo District. North Binjai. Binjai City, North Sumatra, in October 2022 - January 2023. The research used a factorial randomized block design (RAK) with 2 treatment factors, the first factor was time interval, namely W0 = 10 days before planting, W1 = 20 days before planting, W2 = 30 Days Before Planting. Second Factor Banana Peel Compost Fertilizer (P); P0 = No Application, P1 = 60 grams/plant ~ 960 grams/plot, P2 = 120 grams/plant ~ 1,920 grams/plot, P3 = 180 grams/plant ~ 2,880 grams/plot. The parameters observed were plant height, number of leaves, leaf area, wet weight of cobs with husks, wet weight of cobs without husks and dissolved solid sugar content. The research results showed that time interval treatment had a significant effect on all parameters, where the W1 treatment (20 days before planting) was the best. The banana peel compost treatment had a significant effect only on the parameters of plant height, number of leaves and leaf area and the P1 treatment (60 grams/plant) was the best, but had no significant effect on the parameters of cob weight with husks, cob weight without husks and soluble solid sugar content.</em></p> 2023-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Agroprimatech http://jurnal.unprimdn.ac.id/index.php/Agroprimatech/article/view/4264 PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PUPUK ORGANIK DAN ANORGANIK TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN, PRODUKSI DAN PERSENTASE SERANGAN HAMA GANJUR (Orseolia oryzae) PADA TANAMAN PADI (Oryza sativa L.) 2023-10-09T18:39:46+00:00 Arkhiadi Benauli arkhiadi_benauli@ust.ac.id Nurdin Sitohang nurdinsitohang@yahoo.com Yunda Gusriani yunda_gusriani@ust.ac.id Jaya Febrianto Hutasoit jayafebriayanto@gmail.com <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian pupuk dalam menekan persentase serangan <em>Orseolia oryzae</em> pada tanaman padi. Metode dalam penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok (RAK) dengan perlakuan sebagai berikut: F<sub>0</sub>: kontrol; F<sub>1</sub>: Kotoran sapi; F<sub>2</sub>: Pupuk Organik Kompos; F<sub>3</sub>: Pupuk NPK Tunggal, P<sub>4</sub> : Pupuk NPK Majemuk (16:16:16). Penelitian dimulai dengan pembuatan pupuk organik (kotoran sapi dan kompos), penanaman, penerapan perlakuan, pengumpulan data, dan analisis data observasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian pupuk meningkatkan jumlah anakan, jumlah malai, bobot 1000 butir, produksi per plot dan menurunkan persentase serangan hama Ganjur (<em>Orseolia oryzae</em>). Kotoran sapi adalah perlakuan terbaik.</p> 2023-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Agroprimatech http://jurnal.unprimdn.ac.id/index.php/Agroprimatech/article/view/4273 KAJIAN SIFAT KIMIA DAN FISKA TANAH PADA LAHAN BEKAS GALIAN MANGAN DI DESA OELAMI 2023-10-12T08:04:08+00:00 Wilda Lumban Tobing wildatob14@gmail.com Jonisius Taus jonisiustaus@gmail.com Deseriana Bria deserianabria@gmail.com Azor Yulianus Tefa azor.tefa29@gmail.com Maria Magdalena Kolo mariamagdalenachem89@gmail.com <p><em>Manganese is a micro nutrient that plants need in small quantities. Manganese plays an important role as an enzyme activator, including phosphate transfer enzymes and enzymes in the Krebs cycle. The aim of this research was to study the chemical and physical properties of the soil on ex-manganese excavated land in Oelami Village, TTU Regency. This research was carried out in June-September 2022. Analysis of the chemical and physical characteristics of the soil was carried out in the laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Timor, and the Laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, Nusa Cendana University. This study used a descriptive experimental method which was carried out by survey and continued with laboratory analysis. Soil samples were taken at 5 points based on land use. Based on the results of the analysis of the chemical and physical properties of soil from ex-manganese excavated land, pH was 6.321 (slightly sour), CEC 33.46 me/100g (high), C-organic 0.22% (low), N-total 0.22% (low ), P-total 61.44 mg/100g (high), K-total 71.189 mg/100g (high), Mn-total 19,089 ppm (high), organic matter 0.81% (low), sandy loam soil texture ( sand 81.33%, dust 10.67%, and clay 8.00%), soil water content 8.611% (medium), soil density 1.25 g/cm3 (medium), soil specific gravity 1.47 g/ cm3 (low), and porosity 14.961% (high)</em></p> 2023-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Agroprimatech http://jurnal.unprimdn.ac.id/index.php/Agroprimatech/article/view/4287 KERAGAMAN KACANG-KACANGAN GENUS Vigna BERDASARKAN KARAKTER MORFOLOGIS DI KABUPATEN TIMOR TENGAH UTARA 2023-10-18T03:22:16+00:00 Irene Konstantina Mau maukonstantinairene@gmail.com Yoseph Nahak Seran joshseran@gmail.com Emilia Juliyanti Bria emiliajuliyanti@gmail.com <p><em>Vigna is a legume that has high nutritional and economic value. North Central Timor District is one of the areas on Timor Island which is the border of Indonesia and Timor Leste. The purpose of this study was to characterize the morphology of the species in the Vigna group which are commonly cultivated by local farmers. In this study, three species and one subspecies were obtained, namely rice beans (Vigna umbellata (Thumb) Ohwi &amp; Ohashi), green beans (Vigna radiata L.), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp), and long beans (Vigna unguiculata). ssp. sesquipedalis (L.) Verdc). The similarities in the morphological characters that can be seen are the type of epigeal germination, the shape of the round-hexagon stem, the shape of a butterfly flower with one of the crowns covering the pistil and stamens, and the shape of the pods, while the differences that are seen are quite a lot, namely in the presence/absence of pigmentation. hypocotyl, leaf shape, organ hairs, leaf color, corolla color, seed shape, seed color, and flowering time.</em></p> 2023-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Agroprimatech http://jurnal.unprimdn.ac.id/index.php/Agroprimatech/article/view/4416 Karakteristik Fisik Sabun Organik Berbasis Minyak Jelantah dan Ekstrak Buah Pinang (Areca cathecu L) Dengan Biosurfaktan Buah Lerak (Sapindus rarak DC) 2023-11-17T05:55:49+00:00 Nur Ariyani Agustina nurariyaniagustina@unprimdn.ac.id Finna Piska finnapiska@unprimdn.ac.id <p><em>Used cooking oil waste is very dangerous for the environment if it is not used or processed properly. Used cooking oil can be used as a raw material for used cooking oil mixed with areca nut. Areca nut contains substances that are beneficial for skin health such as tannins, alkaloids, and flavonoids. In improving the quality of this organic soap, biosurfactants from lerak fruit can also be added as a mixture of organic soaps. This research aims to develop an organic soap based on used cooking oil and areca nut extract with lerak fruit biosurfactant to improve skin health and reduce negative environmental impacts. The research method used a 2 factorial completely randomized design with factor 1, namely areca nut extract (P) which consisted of 3 levels: 4 mL, 6 mL, and 8 mL. Factor 2 was lerak fruit extract (L) which consisted of 3 levels, namely 35%, 45%, and 55%. The research results obtained that activated charcoal and zeolite are very effective in absorbing impurities contained in used cooking oil. This can be seen from the clear golden yellow color of the used cooking oil that has been purified. In organoleptic testing, it was found to have a dark red color, a characteristic odor and a thick texture. The results showed that the addition of areca nut extract and lerak fruit extract had a very significant effect on the results of variance where P&lt;0.05 for all test parameters. The best treatment was found in P3L3 where 8 mL of areca nut extract and 55% of lerak fruit extract resulted in a pH of 8.89, foam height of 10.4 cm, foam stability of 97%, water content of 34.97%</em><em>. </em><em>The results of all treatments show that they have fulfilled SNI 06-4085-1996 which can be used as organic liquid body soap.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keyword: lerak, organic soap, used cooking oil, areca nut, biosurfactant</em></strong></p> 2023-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Agroprimatech